Kingston, Jamaica

Mapping Urbanization and Social Change

1894 Early Distribution of the Races

The set up today in Kingston is due in large part, to the way the town was distributed during it’s founding. In Figure 1, many of the white wealthy and some colored people and Jewish Merchants moved to the northeast of Parade on Liguanea Plain where there was more space. To the south of Parade was greatly mixed. The white elite and wealthy colored occupied some of the larger homes and the free Negroes and low whites owned the homely looking sheds. Unfortunately, slaves, treated as chattel, were disbursed about Kingston. The greatest concentration of slaves lived in the streets and lanes adjacent to Harbour Street.

Figure 1: 1894 Distribution, density of the population and building quality from the Kingston, Jamaica. 

The divisions of labor reflected what had been established on the plantation. Manual labor was relegated to Africans and domestic tasks were for colored slaves. The Jews were divided into two social classes – upper class and lower class. The upper class was involved in free port trade with Spanish America and the lower class was relegated to commerce and trade with the African slaves.

Map Credit:

Clarke, C. G., & Hodgkiss, A. G. (1974). Jamaica in maps. London: University of London Press.

Bibliography:

Clarke, C. G. (2006). Kingston, Jamaica: Urban Development and Social Change, 1692- 2002. Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle.

Clarke, C. G., & Hodgkiss, A. G. (1974). Jamaica in maps. London: University of London Press.

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This entry was posted on August 18, 2012 by and tagged , , , , .
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