Kingston, Jamaica

Mapping Urbanization and Social Change

Waterfront Development

A number of development projects were planned for downtown areas and the shoreline. (see Figure 1). The Foreshore Development Organization constructed Newport West, which lay next to Marcus Garvey Drive. The new port increased the pace of handling cargo with the containerization of freighters and relieved the congestion the finger piers caused the commercial area. Newport West and East and Esso Oil Refinery were built on Squatter camps, garbage dumps, and a marsh. The projects were completed in 1973.

Figure 1: Kingston Waterfront development project from Kingston Jamaica.

In the 1850s and at the turn of the century, emigration had proven effective to reducing unemployment. In the late 60s, there was quite a bit of Jamaican emigrating to the United States and Great Britain for better opportunities. This caused the Jamaican rate of natural increase to fall. The birthrate went from 42.0 to 33.3 per 1000 (Clarke, 2006, p. 252). While this seems great for the people in terms that it would free up jobs and housing, the city absorbed 130,000 more people between the 60s and 70s.

Urban development did improve in the late 60s. Urban renewal projects were planned in West Kingston on the site of Trench Town and Back O’Wall (now Trivoli Gardens). In Trench town, single and multi level housing was developed. Unfortunately this new housing was not intended for the squatters, whom had to move to other squatter camps.

Map Credit: 

Clarke, C. G. (2006). Kingston, Jamaica: Urban Development and Social Change, 1692- 2002. Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle.

 

Bibliography:

Clarke, C. G. (2006). Kingston, Jamaica: Urban Development and Social Change, 1692- 2002. Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle.

 

Urban Development & The Status of Major Projects.  (n.d.). Office of the Prime Minister Of Jamaica. Retrieved July 29, 2012 from http://www.opm.gov.jm/library/ministry_papers/urban_development_status_of_major_projects

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